1. With respect to the ethics of documentary filmmaking, see also Pryluck, C. (1976). Ultimately we are all outsiders: the ethics of documentary filming. Journal of the University Film Association, 21-29; Ruby, J. (1977). The image mirrored: reflexivity and the documentary film. Journal of the University Film Association, 3-11; Boltanski, L. (1993). Distant suffering: Morality, media and politics. Cambridge University Press; Zimmerman P. (2000), States of Emergency: Documentaries, Wars, Democracies, The University of Minnesota Press; Piotrowska, A. (2014). Psychoanalysis and ethics in documentary film. New York: Routledge. [return to text]

5. From Manohla Dargis’ NYT review: “This is Ms. Jolie’s directing debut — she also wrote and co-produced the movie — and there’s a somewhat awkward instructional, at times almost proselytizing aspect to the story that seems of a piece with her laudable humanitarian work.” (Published on December 22, 2011)

6. See also Kapoor, Ilan. Celebrity humanitarianism: The ideology of global charity. Routledge, 2012; Littler, Jo. "“I feel your pain”: cosmopolitan charity and the public fashioning of the celebrity soul." Social semiotics 18.2 (2008): 237-251, and Yrjölä, Riina. "The global politics of celebrity humanitarianism." Transnational Celebrity Activism in Global Politics Changing the World (2011): 175-192.


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