[1] Quartet on the Middle East: the United States, the European Union, Russia and the United Nations. [return to page 1]

[2] I interviewed Arik Bernstein in Tel Aviv on June 1, 2015. Factual information on the production of Gaza Sderot not otherwise noted here comes from this personal interview.   

[3] Osnat Trabelsi’s family is from Tunisia and her grandparents settled near Sderot. Cf http://gaza-sderot.arte.tv/blog/index.php?post/2008/11/18/Gaza-Sderot-and-I

[4] Gaza—another kind of tears, 2006, directed by Abed El Salam Shehada, is a co-production of Alma Films, Trabelsi Productions, Ramattan Studios and ARTE France. Osnat Trabelsi also produced Sadot Adumim (Strawberry Fields) directed by Ayelet Heller and shot in Gaza in 2007.

[5] Arte had been co-producer of Gaza—another kind of tears. Cf note ‘iv’ above.

[6]   Serge Gordey is credited as a writer on Six Days: June 1967: 40 Years, New Revelations, on the 1967 Six-day war, produced by Arik Bernstein and broadcast in 2007. Of note, Gordey was later one of the producers of the 2013 Oscar-nominated Five Broken Cameras (2011).

[8] Ayelet Bechar’s own film, Just Married (2005) treats both Israeli and occupation marital situations. “Documenting the Middles East.” P.O.V. No. 22. http://pov.imv.au.dk/Issue_22/section_1/artc3A.html

[9]   Khalil Mahmoud al Muzayyen was born in Rafah refugee camp. He trained to become a filmmaker in Russia after working for many years as a builder in Israel. cf http://gaza-sderot.arte.tv/blog/index.php?post/2008/

[10] See Alexandre Brachet’s blog about the production process: http://gaza-sderot.arte.tv/blog/index.php?post/2008/10/28/Say-thanks-to-Overstream

[11] The documentary is Strawberry Fields, July 2006, directed by Ayelet Heller. See http://gaza-sderot.arte.tv/blog/index.php?post/2008/11/18/Gaza-Sderot-and-I

[12] I interviewed Yafa Malka in Sderot in June 2015. Her nerves are shot, she complained, and her heart condition is now worse. [return to text]

[13] Ben Abu sounds much less stalwart in the description Ayelet Bechar (content editor, Sderot) gives of him in her Blog post: “He says that in the last few years his life is in a stand still. Because of Kassams, he can't move forward with his projects. His yard was hit, and since then he didn't fix it. His street was hit, two children died, and he can't bring himself to finish painting the walls of his home. He also says that he stopped thinking about the other side, about the children of Gaza. He ran out of empathy.” http://gaza-sderot.arte.tv/blog/index.php?post/

[14] Sderot director, Roby Elmaliah, makes a similar claim about the Israeli government’s neglect of Sderot:  http://gaza-sderot.arte.tv/blog/

[15] Serge Gordey is credited as director, along with the original directors, Robby Elmaliah and Khalil al Muzayyen. See  http://www.arte.tv/fr/
(with French subtitles)

[16] The UER (l'Union Européenne deRadio-Télévision) awarded « Gaza-Sderot: la vie malgré tout » the prize for best documentary program of 2008. It received “Le Prix Europa” in the category "Best European Emerging Media Project of the Year 2008.”

[17] Serge Gordey, Alexandre Brachet, and Alex Szalat of Arte generally replicated the format of Gaza-Sderot in a subsequent production, Havana/Miami produced two years later. The new production encouraged viewers to respond with videos and photos in addition to written comments.

[18] According to the International Middle East Media Centre, November 12, 2009, “The administration of the Ramattan news agency in Gaza decided on Wednesday to shut its offices down until further notice due to repeated attacks and violations by the Hamas-controlled security forces in the Gaza Strip.” (http://www.imemc.org/index.php?obj_id=53&story_id=57097) While quoting this IMEMC article, Wikipedia blames the closure was due to “repeated violations and coercion by Qatar-based station Al-Jazeera.” (https://en.wikipedia.org/
) IMEMC says that, this time, Ramattan had not been able to pay the Internal Security Forces of Hamas to prevent an attack because of its financial crisis. Several media outlets, including Al Jazeera, “were supposed to pay Ramattan for using its equipment, facilities and personnel during the war on Gaza as Israel prevented foreign journalists from entering the coastal region.”

[19] Other web documentaries on Israel-Palestines include Points of View (2014), an Israeli-produced i-doc funded by B'Tselem, the ‘Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories.’ Its short pieces on daily life under occupation produced by Palestinian youth through B'Tselem’s Camera Distribution Project can be viewed by clicking on a map of Israel-Palestine. Broken Hopes—Oslo's Legacy (2013) is a French/European production by Action Against Hunger but involved the Israeli group "Breaking the Silence"—ex-soldiers critical of the Israeli government. An interactive map through the West Bank opens to information links and testimonies by Palestinians in particular, documenting the splintering of the territory and the restrictions on life in occupied Palestine.

Works cited

Gaza Sderot—Life in Spite of Everything. Production Alex Szalat, Susanna Lotz and Joel Ronez for Arte France. Exec Prod. Serge Gordey. Co-Prod. Arik Bernstein, Yousef Atwa, Osnat Trabelsi, and Alexandre Brachet. Dir. Roby Elmaliah (Sdereot) and Khalil Al Muzayyen (Gaza). Gaza Sderot—Life in Spite of Everything. N.p., 26 Oct. 2008. Web. 6 Apr. 2016. http://gaza-sderot.arte.tv/

Gilinsky, Jaron. “Innovative Web Video Series Shows Real Life in Gaza, Israel.”
December 16, 2008. http://mediashift.org/2008/12/innovative-web-video-       series-shows-real-life-in-gaza-israel351/

Haddad, Toufic. “Ramattan's war: The world's eyes into Gaza.” The Electronic
Intifada, 20 February 2009.  https://electronicintifada.net/content/ramattans-war-worlds-eyes-gaza/8078 20 Aug. 2015.

“Interview of David Dufresne, mentor of the ‘Web Lab.’”

Malka, Yafa. Sderot. In person interview. Israel. June 14, 2015.

Nash, K. What is interactivity for? the social dimension of web-documentary
participation. Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies, 28(3), 8/5/14-383-395. doi:10.1080/10304312.2014.893995. Web.

Nash, K., Hight, C., & Summerhayes, C. (2014). New documentary ecologies: Emerging platforms, practices and discourses. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Print.

Pina, Aaron D. “Palestinian Elections.” CRS Report for Congress, February 9, 2006. Web. https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33269.pdf

“Video project highlights life on the border,” “The World” with host Lisa Mullins, and reporter, Carol Zall.  PRI (Public Radio International). December 30, 2008. Web. http://www.pri.org/stories/2008-12-30/video-project

“Video project highlights life on the border,” “The World” with host Lisa Mullins, and reporter, Carol Zall.  PRI (Public Radio International). December 30, 2008. Web. http://www.pri.org/node/8047/popout (audio transcript)