1. Although the original article was deleted, I have referenced other online sources for screenshots and quotes from the article.

2. The Citizen Amendment Act (CAA) was passed by the Indian government in December 2019. The act, using religion as a basis to grant citizenship to illegal immigrants who were fleeing persecution in their home countries, singled out Muslims as ineligible to claim refugee-status in India. The induction of the bill in parliament and its subsequent passing was met with country-wide and overseas protests that called for rescinding the Act that incorporated blatant discriminatory and anti-Muslim language. The protests, many that involved university students, dissented against the authoritarian rule of the Modi government and focused on the Hindu fundamentalism of the ruling party.


Appadurai, A. (1998). Modernity at large: Cultural dimensions of globalization. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Cobb, S. and Ewen, N. (2015). Introduction. In S. Cobb and N. Ewen (Eds.), First comes love: Power couples, celebrity kinship and cultural politics (1-8). London and New York, NY: Bloomsbury Academic.

Diaz, V. (2015). “Brad & Angelina: and now… Brangelina!’: A sociocultural analysis of blended celebrity couple names. In S. Cobb and Ewen, N. (Eds.), First comes love: Power couples, celebrity kinship and cultural politics (275-294). London and New York, NY: Bloomsbury Academic.

Dyer, Richard. (1979). Stars. London: British Film Institute.

------. (1986). Heavenly bodies: Film stars and society. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Gill, R. and Schraff, C. (2011). Introduction. In R. Gill and C. Schraff (Eds.), New femininities: Postfeminism, neoliberalism and subjectivity (1-17). Hampshire and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Gordon, S. (2017). Baywatch. [Motion Picture]. USA, Paramount Pictures.

Grewal, I. (2005). Transnational America: Feminisms, diasporas, neoliberalisms. Durham and London: Duke University Press.

Kapur, J. (2009). An “arranged love” marriage: India’s neoliberal turn and the Bollywood wedding culture industry. Communication, Culture and Critique 2, 221-233.

King, Barry. (2010). Stardom, celebrity and the money form. The Velvet Light Trap 65, 7-19.

Klein, N. (1999). No logo: Taking aim at the brand bullies. New York, NY: Picador.

Marshall, P. D. (1997). Celebrity and power: fame in contemporary culture. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

McDonald, P. (2000). The star system. London: Wallflower Publishing Limited.

Meeuf, R. and Raphael R. Introduction. (2013). In R. Meeuf and R. Raphael (Eds.), Transnational stardom: International celebrity in film and popular culture (1-16). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Negra, D. (2001). Off-White Hollywood: American Culture and Ethnic Female Stardom. London and New York, NY: Routledge.

Safi, M. (2018, Dec 6). New York magazine deletes article calling Priyanka Chopra a “scam artist’. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/film/2018/dec/06/us-magazine-deletes-article-calling-priyanka-chopra-a-scam-artist#:~:text=New%20York%20magazine%20has%20deleted,panned%2C%20
especially%20by%20Indian%20readers.&text=The%20piece%20ended%3A%20% E2%80%9CNick%2C,as%20fast%20as%20you%20can!%E2%80%9D

Saïd, Edward. (1979). Orientalism. New York: Vintage Books.

Shah, D. et.al. & Sharma, A. (2002). The Hero: the love story of a spy [Motion Picture]. Time Magnetics, India.

Shingler, Martin. (2012). Star studies: A critical guide. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Szeto, K. (2011). The martial arts cinema of the Chinese diaspora: Ang Lee, John Woo, and Jackie Chan in Hollywood. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.

Reitman, I. et. al. (Producers) and Gordon, S. (Director). (2017). Baywatch [Amazon Prime Video]. United States: Paramount Pictures.

N.A. (2018, Dec 5). US magazine takes down offensive article calling Priyanka Chopra a “global scam artist’. Scroll.in. Retrieved from https://scroll.in/reel/904658/us-website-takes-down-offensive-article-calling-priyanka-chopra-a-global-scam-artist